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French and Industrial Revolutions
During this era, great revolutions in Europe dramatically transformed the old ruling systems and state structures that developed out of earlier periods. The ideas of Citizenship and the rise of power of the lower and middle classes changed societies in a way that fueled invention and new ideas of government. The Industrial Revolution gave rise to new technologies that demanded a growth in new resources. The great European powers (also motivated by imperialistic endeavors) raced around the world to seek new territories and trade routes. The young United States survived a bloody civil war and soon joined in this race as it grew to become a great power in its own right.
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History Fact of the Month
Did you know ...
The Origin of Valentine's Day?
Valentines day dates back to Roman times, when a holiday called The Feast of Lubercus was celebrated to protect shepherds and their flocks from wolves. During this time of year, goddess Juno Februata was honored by pairing boys and girls and denoting them 'partners' for a year.
Pope Gelasius declared February 14 St. Valentine's Day around 497 AD, in an effort to replace pagan holidays with Christian tradition. Although the pairing ritual was banished, romance remains the distinctive attribute of this holiday.
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